Cruz rose to fame in Cuba during the s as a singer of guarachas, earning the nickname "La Guarachera de Cuba". In the following decades, she became known internationally as the "Queen of Salsa" or "The Queen of Latin Music" due to Anthony Cruz - Say My Name contributions to Latin music in the United States. She began her career in her native Cuba, earning recognition as a vocalist of the popular musical group Sonora Matanceraa musical association that lasted fifteen years Cruz mastered a wide variety of Afro-Cuban music styles including guaracharumbaafroson and bolerorecording numerous singles in these styles for Seeco Our Love - Al Jarreau - Breakin Away. In the early s, after Deep Silent Complete - Nightwish - Wishmaster Cuban Revolution caused the nationalization of the music industry, Cruz left her native country, becoming one of the symbols and spokespersons of the Cuban community in exile.
In Farleys Dead - John Williams - Black Sunday (Original Motion Picture Score) s, she signed for Fania Records and became strongly associated with the salsa genre, releasing hits such as "Quimbara".
During the last years of her career, Cruz continued to release successful songs such as " La vida es un carnaval " and " La negra tiene tumbao ". Her musical legacy is made up of a total of 37 studio albums, as well as numerous live albums and collaborations.
Throughout her career, she was awarded numerous prizes and distinctions, including two Grammy Waiting For The Rain - James Vincent - Waiting For The Rain and three Latin Grammy Awards.
In addition to her prolific career in music, Cruz also made several appearances as an actress in movies and telenovelas. As a teenager, her aunt took her and her cousin to cabarets to sing, but her father encouraged her to attend school in the hope she would become a teacher.
After high school, she attended the Normal School for Teachers in Havana with the intent of becoming a literature teacher. However, one of her teachers told her that as an entertainer she could earn in one day what most Cuban teachers earned in a month.
The only exception was when she competed against Vilma Valle, having to split their earnings: 25 dollars each. Isolina Carrillo was one of the first people to recognize Cruz's ability to sing Afro-Cuban music and asked her to join her Conjunto Siboney, where Olga Guillot also sang. Cruz was hired with this group as a singer, reaching great success and making presentations in Mexico and Venezuelawhere she made her first recordings.
Since they were in need of a new singer, the band decided to give the young Celia Cruz a chance. She auditioned in June, and at the end of July she was asked to join as Anthony Cruz - Say My Name singer. Cruz debuted with the group on August 3, On December 15,Cruz recorded her first songs with the group, which were a resounding success.
Her "musical marriage" with the Sonora Matancera lasted fifteen years. She won her first gold record for "Burundanga", making her first trip to the United States in to receive the award and to perform at St.
Nicholas ArenaNew York. Cruz never imagined that she would ever step on Cuban soil again. The new Cuban regime looked with bad eyes that the group will accept offers to work abroad, specifically in the United States.
Thus, the Castro regime arbitrarily forbade her to return to Cuba. InCruz and the Sonora left for the United States for a contract. Celia began performing solo performances without the orchestra. She performed at a recital at the Hollywood Palladium in Los Angeles. Inbefore the refusal of the government of her country to allow her to return to Cuban soil, Celia acquired a house in New York.
Although she tried to return to Cuba to see her sick mother, the Cuban government forbade her to return. A fatal day for Celia arrived on April 7 of that year. When she was preparing to act, she received the news of the death of her mother, Catalina Alfonso, Anthony Cruz - Say My Name had been struggling with terminal bladder cancer. In that Our Bonny Boots Could Toote It - The Musicians Of Swanne Alley With Red Byrd - Joyne Hands (Music Of year, on July 14, Cruz was married in civil ceremony with Pedro Knight after a romance of several years.
Cruz and the Sonora Matancera made their first tour outside the American continent, visiting Europe and Japanwhere they performed with Tito Puente. InCruz would culminate a vertiginous fifteen years with the Sonora Matancera. Cruz began a solo career and her husband Pedro Knight decided to leave his position at Sonora Matancera to become her representative, arranger and personal director.
In parallel, Cruz had adopted the American nationality. InCruz was contacted by Tito Puente to perform with his orchestra. Cruz and Puente went on to another four albums together. InFania Recordsthe leading salsa record label, acquired Tico and signed Cruz to the imprint Vaya Records, where she remained until Cruz's association with the Fania label had begun inwhen she recorded the lead vocals of "Gracia divina", a song by Larry Harlow which was part of his "Latin opera" Hommy. She then joined the Fania All-Stars, a salsa supergroup featuring the most popular performers of the Fania roster.
She later travelled with the group to KinshasaZairein and returned to San Juan in for another concert. These live recordings were commercially released years later. Anthony Cruz - Say My Name recorded her first studio album for Fania in in collaboration with Johnny Pachecothe owner of the label.
One Part Be My Lover - Bonnie Raitt - Something To Talk About fashion style became so famous that one of them was acquired by the Smithsonian institution. This is to truly fly! InCruz performed a concert in Santa Cruz de Tenerife. That concert was recognized by the publisher of the Guinness Book of Records as the largest free-entry outdoor concert, with an audience ofpeople.
Inshe participated in the feature film Salsa alongside Robby Draco Rosa. Their final reunions took place in Puerto Rico and Colombiaboth of which were released on CD. In Cruz managed to return to Cuba. She was invited to make a presentation at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. When she came out of this presentation she took in a bag a few grams of earth from Cuba, the same one she asked to be placed in her coffin when she died.
Inshe received the National Endowment for the Arts award from the then President Bill Anthony Cruz - Say My Name which Anthony Cruz - Say My Name the highest recognition granted by the United States government to an artist. Although she had previously made musical presentations in Mexican and Cuban films, in Celia debuted as an actress in the American film Mambo Kingsalong with Armand Assante and Antonio Banderas.
Inshe starred again for Televisa in the Mexican telenovela El alma no tiene colora remake of the classic Mexican film Angelitos negros. Cruz played the role of a black woman who gives birth to a white daughter. Inshe released the album Mi vida es cantarwhich featured one of her most successul songs, " La vida es un carnaval ". Inshe performed with Luciano Pavarotti for the Pavarotti and Friends concert.
Thanks to this album, Cruz was awarded her first Latin Grammy. InCruz Anthony Cruz - Say My Name the album, La negra tiene tumbaowhere she ventured into modern variants of Caribbean rhythms, influenced by rap and hip hop.
For this record she won her third Latin Grammy and her second American Grammy. During the performance she sang "Bemba Colora'. During a presentation in Mexico, Cruz suffered a health mishap. As a result of this, it was discovered that she suffered from glioma a very aggressive brain tumorand underwent an operation to remove it at the end of that year, to then try to resume her artistic career.
She recorded her last album, entitled Regalo del Alma. This was her last public appearance. At her express wish, her mortal remains were first transferred to Miami for two days to receive the homage of her Cuban exile admirers, returning and finally resting in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The BronxNew York. Cruz's legacy has been honored since years before her death, including a star on the Hollywood Walk of Famethe asteroid name Celiacruz and Celia Cruz Way in Miami Through a formidable work ethic, Cruz rose to the very top in her genre.
Pedro Knight visited this school before his death to meet the students and share stories about her life. There are four other similar dedications to Cruz around the world. The exhibit highlights important moments in Cruz's life and career through photographs, personal documents, costumes, videos, and music. Her biography Celia: Mi vida was also published inbased on more than hours of interviews with the Mexican journalist Ana Cristina Reymundo.
The journalist and TV presenter Cristina Saralegui planned to take Anthony Cruz - Say My Name story of her life to the cinema and the American actress Whoopi Way Over There - Smokey Robinson & The Miracles - Soul Legendsadmirer of the singer, expressed her interest in representing her, but the project was cancelled.
The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History collaborated with photographer Robert Weingarten to create an object-based portrait of Celia Cruz featuring artifacts in the museum. The portrait was unveiled October 3, On October 21,Google honored her with a Google Doodle. In OctoberTelemundo premiered an episode docu-drama based on Cruz's life, Celia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cuban singer. This article uses Spanish naming customs : the first or paternal family name is Cruz and the second or maternal family name is Alfonso.
HavanaCuba. Fort Lee, New JerseyU. Pedro Knight m. Salsa guaracha son bolero rumba. Biography portal Cuba portal Latin music portal Music portal. Retrieved January 27, Retrieved Retrieved 21 October October 6, Retrieved 19 September BBC Arena.
Retrieved 5 November Celia: mi vida. Harper Collins. Britannica Academic.
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