Label: Decca - 417534-4 • Series: Opera Gala • Format: Cassette Compilation • Country: Netherlands • Genre: Classical • Style: Opera
A tenor is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the countertenor and baritone voice types. It is one of the highest of the male voice types. At the highest extreme, some tenors can sing up to the second F above middle C F 5. The name "tenor" derives from the Latin word tenerewhich means "to hold". In polyphony between about andthe [tenor was the] structurally fundamental or 'holding' voice, vocal or instrumental; by the 15th century it came to signify the male voice that sang such parts.
All other voices were normally calculated in relation to the tenor, which often proceeded in longer note values and carried a borrowed Cantus firmus melody. Thus, for earlier repertoire, a line marked 'tenor' indicated the part's role, and not the required voice type; indeed, even as late as the eighteenth century, partbooks labelled 'tenor' might contain parts for a range of voice types. The vocal range of the tenor is one of the highest of the male voice types. Within more frequently performed repertoire, Mime and Herod both call for an A 2.
A few tenor roles in the standard repertoire call for a "tenor C" C 5one octave above middle C. In the leggero repertoire, the highest note is F 5 Arturo in "Credeasi, misera" from Bellini 's I puritani [ original research? In SATB four-part mixed chorus, the tenor is the second lowest vocal range, above the bass and below the alto and soprano. Men's chorus usually denotes an ensemble of TTBB in which the first tenor is the highest voice.
Whilst certain choral music does require the first tenors to ascend the full tenor range, the majority of choral music places the tenors in the range from approximately B 2 up to A 4.
The requirements of the tenor voice in choral music are also tied to the style of music most often performed by a given choir. Orchestra choruses require tenors with fully resonant voices, but chamber or a cappella choral music sung with no instrumental accompaniment can sometimes rely on light baritones singing in falsetto.
Even so, one nearly ubiquitous facet of choral singing is the shortage of tenor voices. However true basses are even rarer than tenors. Some men sing tenor even if they lack the full range, and sometimes low altos sing the tenor part. Within the tenor voice type category are seven generally recognized subcategories: leggero tenor, lyric tenor, spinto tenor, dramatic tenor, heldentenor, Mozart tenor, and tenor buffo or spieltenor.
There is considerable overlap between the various categories of role and of voice-type; some tenor singers have begun with lyric voices but have transformed with time into spinto or even dramatic tenors.
Also known as the tenore di graziathe leggero tenor is essentially the male equivalent of a lyric coloratura. This voice is light, agile, and capable of executing difficult passages of fioritura. The typical leggero tenor possesses a range spanning from approximately C3 to E5, with a few being able to sing up to F 5 or higher in full voice. In some cases, the chest register of the leggero tenor may extend below C 3. Voices Ben Mio (Manrico) - Various - Great Tenor Arias/ Grands Airs De Tenor/ Grosse Tenorarien this type are utilized frequently in the operas of RossiniDonizettiBellini and in music dating from the Baroque period.
The lyric tenor is a warm graceful voice with a bright, full timbre that is strong but not heavy and can be heard over an orchestra. Lyric tenors have a range from approximately the C one octave below middle C C 3 to the D one octave above middle C D 5.
Similarly, their lower range may extend a few notes below the C 3. There are many vocal shades to the lyric tenor group, repertoire should be selected according to the weight, colors, and abilities of the voice. The spinto tenor has the brightness and height of a lyric tenor, but with a heavier vocal weight enabling the voice to be "pushed" to dramatic climaxes with less strain than the lighter-voice counterparts.
Spinto tenors have a darker timbre than a lyric tenor, without having a vocal color as Ah Si as many not all dramatic tenors. The German equivalent of the Spinto fach is the Jugendlicher Heldentenor and encompasses many of the Dramatic tenor roles as well as some Wagner roles such as Lohengrin and Stolzing. The difference is often the depth and metal in the voice Ben Mio (Manrico) - Various - Great Tenor Arias/ Grands Airs De Tenor/ Grosse Tenorarien some lyric tenors age or push their way into singing as a Spinto giving them a lighter tone and a Jugendlicher Heldentenor tends to be either a young heldentenor or true lyric spinto.
Spinto tenors have a range from Sanjam Te Još - Zorana* - Da Mi Ime Ne Zaboraviš the C one octave below middle C C 3 to the C one octave above middle C C 5. Also "tenore di forza" or "robusto", the dramatic tenor has an emotive, ringing and very powerful, clarion, heroic tenor sound.
The dramatic tenor's approximate range is from the B one octave below middle C B2 to the B one octave above middle C B4 with some able to sing up to the C one octave above middle C C5. Some dramatic tenors have a rich and dark tonal colour to their voice such as the mature Enrico Caruso while others like Francesco Tamagno possess a bright, steely timbre. The heldentenor English: heroic tenor has a rich, dark, powerful and dramatic voice. As its name implies, the heldentenor vocal fach features in the German romantic operatic repertoire.
The heldentenor is the German equivalent of the tenore drammatico, however with a more baritonal quality: the typical Wagnerian protagonist.
The keystone of the heldentenor's repertoire is arguably Wagner's Siegfriedan extremely demanding role requiring a wide vocal range and great power, plus tremendous No More Cops - MDC - Magnus Dominus Corpus and acting ability. Often the heldentenor is a baritone who has transitioned to this fach or tenors who have been misidentified as baritones. Therefore, the heldentenor voice might or might not have facility up to high B or C.
The repertoire, however, rarely calls for such high notes. A Mozart tenor is yet another distinct tenor type. In Mozart singing, the most important element is the instrumental approach of the vocal sound which implies: flawless and slender emission of sound, perfect intonation, legato, diction and phrasing, capability to cope with the dynamic requirements of the score, beauty of timbre, secure line of singing through perfect support and absolute breath control, musical intelligence, body discipline, elegance, nobility, agility and, most importantly, ability for dramatic expressiveness within the narrow borders imposed by the strict Mozartian style.
The German Mozart tenor tradition goes back to the end of the s, when Mozart tenors started making use of Caruso's technique a tenor who rarely sang Mozart to achieve and improve the required dynamics and dramatic expressiveness. A Tenor buffo Discotheque - U2 - U2000+ spieltenor is a tenor with good acting ability, and the ability to create distinct voices for his characters.
This voice specializes in smaller comic roles. These parts are often played by younger tenors who have not yet reached their full vocal potential or older tenors who are beyond their prime singing years.
Only rarely will a singer specialize in these roles for an entire career. All of Gilbert and Sullivan 's Savoy operas have at least one lead lyric tenor character.
Notable operetta roles are:. There are four parts in Barbershop harmony : bass, baritone, lead, and tenor lowest Ben Mio (Manrico) - Various - Great Tenor Arias/ Grands Airs De Tenor/ Grosse Tenorarien highestwith "tenor" referring to the highest part. The tenor generally sings in falsetto voice, corresponding roughly to the countertenor in classical music, and harmonizes above the lead, who sings the melody. The barbershop tenor range is Middle C to A one octave above-Middle C, though it is written an octave lower.
The "lead" in barbershop music is equivalent to the normal tenor range. In bluegrass musicthe melody line is called the lead. Tenor is sung an interval of a third above the lead. Baritone is the fifth of the scale that Ah Si the lead as a tonic, and may be sung below the lead, or even above the lead and the tenorin which case it is called "high baritone. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Heldentenor. This article is about the male classical voice type.
For this voice type in other Que Peut Bien Me Faire - Miqueu Pelegrin - Pelegrin genres, see List of tenors in non-classical music. For other uses, see Tenor disambiguation.
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Genovex Music Group. Grove Music Online. Subscription required for full access. Adolphe Adam — Le postillon de lonjumeau at AllMusic. Retrieved 27 July Archived from the original on 17 April Retrieved 16 April Guide to Operatic Roles and Arias. Caldwell Publishing Company. Choral Pedagogy. Plural Publishing, Inc. Translated by Sergio Maclean. Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved 2 May — via FriendsofJosephCalleja. The Disciplines of Vocal Pedagogy. Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved Ben Mio (Manrico) - Various - Great Tenor Arias/ Grands Airs De Tenor/ Grosse Tenorarien May Archived from the original on 5 September
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