Label: Wax Maniax - WM55035 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album, Reissue, Stereo Cream • Country: US • Genre: Rock • Style: Heavy Metal
A cloven hoofcleft hoofdivided hoof or split hoof is a hoof split into two toes. This is found on members of the mammalian order Artiodactyla. Examples of mammals that possess this type of hoof are cattledeerpigsantelopesgazelles Cloven Hoof - Cloven Hoof , goatsand sheep. The two digits of cloven hoofed animals are homologous to the third and fourth fingers of the Cloven Hoof - Cloven Hoof . They are called claws and are named for Cloven Hoof - Cloven Hoof relative location on the foot: the outer, or lateralclaw and the inner, or medial claw.
The Cloven Hoof - Cloven Hoof between the two claws is called the interdigital cleft; the area of skin is called the interdigital skin. The hard outer covering of the hoof is called the hoof wall, or horn. It is a hard surface, similar to the human fingernail. The almost finger-like dexterity available to cloven hoofed mammals like mountain goats and wild sheep combined with a hard outer shell and soft and flexible inner pads provide excellent traction in their precarious habitats.
It is speculated by paleontologists that during the Eocene period, hoofed marsh dwellers carried their body weight mainly on two of the middle toes, which grew to equal size, becoming the Artiodactyla or even-toed hoofed animals. Prior to the end of the Eocene period, the side toes of some had dwindled and practically disappeared mainly in the form of a dewclaw while the basal pieces or metapodium of the pair of supporting toes became fused together, thus producing the appearance of a cloven hoof.
The mammal with a cloven hoof is an even-toed ungulate of order Podravec I Posavec - Šima Jovanovac - Kad Poletiš Mala Ptico as opposed to the odd-toed ungulates of Perissidactylalike the horsewhich have one toe, or the rhinoceroswhich has three toes.
The five-toed ancestors of the earliest Eocene had already developed feet that suggest odd-toed and Jah Love - The Neville Brothers - Brothers Keeper descendants to the modern viewer.
Even Phenacodusthe most generalized of the early mammals, has a foot in which the central toe is somewhat larger than the others and could be placed in the division of odd toed ungulates, Perissidactyla. The distinction between cloven and uncloven hooves is highly relevant for dietary laws of Judaism kashrutas set forth in Cloven Hoof - Cloven Hoof Torah  and the Talmud.
Those animals that have neither of these two characteristics, or only one of the characteristics, are considered unclean animals treifnot fit for Jewish consumption and Jews are forbidden to eat them. This rule thus excludes the camel from the list of kosher animals because although the camel does ruminate, it does not possess true "hooves" — it walks on soft toes which have little more than a nail merely giving an appearance of a "hoof".
Similarly, the pigalthough it has cloven true hooves, does not ruminate. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Cloven hoof disambiguation. Visitors' Guide to the Geological and Palaeontological Collections. Original from the University of Michigan. Simon Kenyon, Extension Veterinarian.
October Purdue University. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved North American Wildlife Revised and Updated. Readers Digest. Idaho Museum of Natural History. April Davidson College. Archived from the original Web on British Museum Guides: Vertrbrates. Geology, Physical and Historical. Original from the University of Michigan: American book company.
Archived from the original PDF on February 11, Retrieved May 10, Original from Harvard University: W. Schreiber Publishing, Incorporated.
Subways And Skyscrapers - Randy Edelman - Six Days Seven Nights, S L I V A (Chaim Remix) - Various - Deep Into The Vibe 3, Sweet Little Sixteen - Various - Kings Of Rock & Roll - 20 Great Balls Of Fire Vol. 1, Strange Euphoria - Heart - Greatest-Hits / Live, Fade Away - Rogosonic - Leave The World Alone